Places of Worship: The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Holy Virgin Mary in Moscow


Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Holy Virgin Mary (Moscow)

The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Holy Virgin Mary is a neo-Gothic church that serves as the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Moscow. Located in the Central Administrative Okrug, it is one of only two Catholic churches in Moscow and the largest in Russia. The construction of the cathedral was proposed by the Tsarist government in 1894. Groundbreaking was in 1899; construction work began in 1901 and was completed ten years later. Three-aisled and built from red brick, the cathedral is based on a design by architect Tomasz Bohdanowicz-Dworzecki. The style was influenced by Westminster Abbey and Milan Cathedral. With the help of funds from Catholic parishes in Russia and its neighbouring states, the church was consecrated as a chapel for Moscow’s Polish parish in 1911. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution in 1917, the Provisional Government was overthrown by the Bolsheviks and Russia became part of the newly formed Soviet Union. Because the promotion of state atheism was a part of Marxist-Leninist ideology, the government ordered many churches closed; the cathedral was closed in 1938. During World War II, it was threatened with demolition, and was used after the war for civil purposes, as a warehouse and then a hostel. Following the fall of communismin 1991, it returned to being a church in 1996. In 2002 it was elevated to the status of cathedral. Following an extensive and costly program of reconstruction and refurbishment, the cathedral was reconsecrated in 2005.

Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Holy Virgin Mary (Moscow)

In the 21st century, after 58 years of non-religious use, the cathedral is once again the setting for regular church services in multiple languages—Russian, Polish, Korean, English, French, Spanish, Armenian and Latin—as well as benefit concerts featuring organ and church music. Its organ, the third since the cathedral’s construction, was donated by the Basel Münster. The cathedral is listed as a heritage building in the Russian Federation, and is a protected monument.

Places of Worship: The Salt Lake Temple in Salt Lake City, Utah


The Salt Lake Temple is the centerpiece of the 10-acre Temple Square in Salt Lake City, Utah. It is the largest and best-known of more than 130 temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is the sixth temple completed by the church, requiring 40 years to complete, and the fourth operating temple built since the Mormon exodus from Nauvoo, Illinois.

The Salt Lake Temple

National Shrine of the Blessed Virgin of Ta’ Pinu, Malta, Gozo


The National Shrine of the Blessed Virgin of Ta’ Pinu is a Roman Catholic parish church and minor basilica located on the island of Gozo, the sister island of Malta. The church is dedicated to Blessed Virgin of Ta’ Pinu.

Ta Pinu, Malta, Gozo